2015 Tax Update - Business Edition

Yesterday, we shared the individual income tax extenders that were once again extended at the end of 2015. Today we take a look at the corporate extenders that may affect corporate and partnership tax filings.

As with the individual extenders, some of the corporate extenders were also made permanent by legislation by the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (the 2015 PATH Act).

The extended business credits and special depreciation and expensing rules include:

  • The research credit has been made permanent. Also, now beginning in 2016 eligible small businesses ($50 million or less in gross receipts) may claim the credit against alternative minimum tax (AMT) liability, and the credit can be used by certain even smaller businesses against the employer's portion of the Social Security portion of the employer's payroll tax (i.e., FICA) liability;
  • The minimum low-income housing tax credit rate for non-federally subsidized new buildings has been made permanent;
  • The military housing allowance exclusion for determining whether a tenant in certain counties is low-income (differential wage payment credit) has been made permanent;
  • The Indian employment tax credit has been extended through 2016;
  • The new markets tax credit has been extended through 2019
  • The railroad track maintenance credit has been extended through 2016. The new law modifies the credit to apply to expenditures for maintaining railroad track owned or leased as of Jan. 1, 2015 (rather than Jan. 1, 2005, as under prior law);
  • The mine rescue team training credit; extended through 2016;
  • The employer wage credit for activated military reservists have been made permanent. Beginning in 2016 the provision modifies the credit to apply to employers of any size, rather than employers with 50 or fewer employees;
  • The work opportunity tax credit is now extended through 2019. The new law also modifies the credit beginning in 2016 to apply to employers who hire qualified long-term unemployed individuals (those unemployed for 27 weeks or more) and increases the credit with respect to such long-term unemployed individuals to 50% of the first $6,000 of wages;
  • Qualified zone academy bonds; extended through 2016;
  • Three-year depreciation for racehorses now extended through 2016;
  • 15-year straight line cost recovery for qualified leasehold improvements, qualified restaurant buildings and improvements, and qualified retail improvements; all made permanent;
  • 7-year recovery period for motorsports entertainment complexes has been extended through 2016
  • Accelerated depreciation for business property on an Indian reservation; extended through 2016. The new law also modifies the deduction to permit taxpayers to elect out of the accelerated depreciation rules;
  • 50% bonus depreciation; extended for property placed in service during 2015 through 2019 (but 2016 through 2020 for certain property with a longer production period and certain aircraft). The 50% rate is phased down to 40% for property placed in serviced during 2018 (but 2019 for the long production period property and aircraft) and 30% for property placed in serviced during 2019 (but 2020 for the long production period property and aircraft). Phase down is also required for the $8,000 increase, for bonus-depreciation eligible cars, of the first-year depreciation and expensing dollar cap for cars. The provision makes qualified building improvements (no longer just qualified building leasehold improvements) bonus depreciation eligible and permits most plants bearing fruit or nuts to be eligible for bonus depreciation when planted or grafted rather than when income producing;
  • The election to accelerate alternative minimum tax (AMT) credits in lieu of additional first-year depreciation; extended for property placed in service during 2015; the provision modifies the AMT rules beginning in 2016 by increasing the amount of unused AMT credits that may be claimed in lieu of bonus depreciation
  • The enhanced charitable deduction for contributions of food inventory is made permanent. The new law modifies the deduction by increasing the limitation on deductible contributions of food inventory from 10% to 15% of the taxpayer's adjusted gross income (15% of taxable income in the case of a C corporation) per year and also modifies the deduction to provide special rules for valuing food inventory;
  • Increase in elective business expensing (up to $500,000 annual write-off of eligible business property costs that is phased out once those costs exceed $2,000,000 for the year) is made permanent; made permanent too is the allowance of expensing for computer software and qualified real property (certain leasehold improvement, retail improvement and restaurant property; the $500,000 and $2,000,000 limits are indexed for inflation for tax years beginning after 2015; expensing is allowed for air conditioning and heating units placed in service in tax years beginning after 2015; the $250,000 cap on the expensing of qualified real property is eliminated for tax years beginning after 2015; the election and the specifics of the election are made revocable;
  • The election to expense mine safety equipment; extended through 2016;
  • Special expensing rules for certain film and television productions; extended through 2016; the new law modifies the rules to apply to the cost of live theatrical productions;
  • The deduction allowable with respect to income attributable to domestic production activities in Puerto Rico; extended through 2016;
  • The exclusion from a tax-exempt organization's unrelated business taxable income (UBTI) of interest, rent, royalties, and annuities paid to it from a controlled entity has been made permanent;
  • The special treatment of certain dividends of regulated investment companies (RICs); made permanent;
  • The definition of RICs as qualified investment entities under the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act; made permanent; exceptions under subpart F for active financing income also made permanent;
  •  LOok-through treatment for payments between related controlled foreign corporation (CFCs) under the foreign personal holding company rules; extended through 2019;
  • The exclusion of 100% of gain on certain small business stock; made permanent. The new law also permanently extends the rule that eliminates such gain as an AMT preference item;
  • The basis adjustment to stock of S corporations making charitable contributions of property; made permanent
  • The reduction in S corporation recognition period for built-in gains tax; made permanent;
  • The empowerment zone tax incentives; extended through 2016. The new law modifies the incentive by allowing employees to meet the enterprise zone facility bond employment requirement if they are residents of the empowerment zone, an enterprise community, or a qualified low-income community within an applicable nominating jurisdiction; and
  • The American Samoa economic development credit; extended through 2016.
  • The new legislation also suspends, for two years, two new taxes that were installed as part of the health care reform law: (1) the excise tax on medical devices (which was effective for sales after Dec. 31, 2012) will not apply to sales between Jan. 1, 2016, and Dec. 31, 2017; and (2) the 40% excise tax on high-end health insurance plans, known as the “Cadillac tax,” which would have applied beginning in 2018, will instead apply for tax years beginning after 2019.

Hope you find this information useful. If you have any particular questions about how any of these new changes may affect your tax situation. Please contact us to discuss. 

2015 Tax Update

Congress late in December 2015 once more extended the group of provisions commonly known as the “extenders.”  The “extenders” are a group of tax laws, offering a wide variety of individual and corporate tax breaks and credits, that have repeatedly been extended for one to two years at a time, but are technically only temporary in nature since they have specific expiration dates.

Most of these laws once again expired at the end of 2014, but in the recently enacted Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (the 2015 PATH Act), the extenders have been revived and extended once more. Different this time, however, Congress made some of the changes permanent while other provisions were extended for two or five years.

The extended provisions that might be the most beneficial to individual filers include the following:

  • Tax credits for low to middle wage earners originally enacted as part of 2009 stimulus package that were set to expire after 2017 were made permanent. These include (1) the American Opportunity Tax Credit, which provides up to $2,500 in partially refundable tax credits for post-secondary education, (2) eased rules for qualifying for the refundable child credit, and (3) various earned income tax credit (EITC) changes;
  • The option to take an itemized deduction for State and local general sales taxes instead of the itemized deduction permitted for State and local income taxes made permanent;
  • The $250 above-the-line deduction for teachers and other school professionals for expenses paid or incurred for books, certain supplies, equipment, and supplementary material used by educators in the classroom made permanent. Starting in 2016 this may also now apply to professional development expenses;
  • The exclusion of up to $2 million ($1 million if married filing separately) of discharged principal residence indebtedness from gross income is now extended through 2016. The new law also modifies the exclusion to apply to qualified principal residence indebtedness discharged in 2017, if the discharge is pursuant to a binding written agreement entered into in 2016;
  • Parity for the exclusions for employer-provided mass transit and parking benefits was made permanent;
  • The deduction for mortgage insurance premiums deductible as qualified residence interest has been extended through 2016;
  • The increased contribution limits and carry forward period for contributions of appreciated real property (including partial interests in real property) for conservation purposes is made permanent;
  • The above-the-line deduction for qualified tuition and related expenses; extended through 2016; and
  • The provision that permits tax-free distributions to charity from an individual retirement account (IRA) of up to $100,000 per taxpayer per tax year, by taxpayers age 70 or older made permanent.

We hope you find this information to be helpful as a starting point for your 2015 tax filings. As always, if you have particular questions about your specific tax situation, please feel free to call our offices to discuss. 

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One issue new companies, and sometimes pre-existing ones, face is to select the type of entity they will be registered and taxed as. One of the more popular forms of late is the S Corporation. 

Generally, S Corporation election status can be preferential for companies and owners if the company generates profit, as the benefits of not having to pay self-employment tax on the profits and any distributions should equate to tax savings on the individual member returns. If the company does not generate a decent profit, or operates at a loss, the losses allowed to be claimed as deductions are limited by the members’ basis in the company.

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If your organization filed for an automatic extension of time to file Form 990 by May 15, 2014, the deadline to file is Friday, August 15, 2014. If your organization still needs more time to file, you may apply for an additional not automatic 3-month extension of time to file. extending the due dale to November, 15, 2014. In order to receive this extension by filing Form 8868, you must have filed for and received the original 3-month automatic extension which was due by May 15th, and also show reasonable cause for needing the additional time. A couple reasons that are commonly used include, "The organization is, awaiting completion of its annual independent audit." OR "Additional  time is requested in order to assemble informalion necessary to file a complete and accurate Form 990."

Click here to download Form 8868